What are Starbucks Holiday Hours? | Official Timings (2023) - FoodGuidez

What are Starbucks Holiday Hours? | Official Timings (2023)

Looking for the Starbucks Holiday Hours for 2023? You’ve come to the right place! We have all the information you need on when Starbucks will be open during the holiday season. Keep in mind that these hours may vary by location, so be sure to check with your local store before heading out.

First and foremost, let me assure you that Starbucks is open for business on most holidays, so please feel free to socialize with your friends or take your family for a quick pumpkin spiced latte run. Now that we’ve got that out of the way, let’s learn a bit about the brand, the myth, and the legend of coffeehouses, Starbucks.

Starbucks was founded in 1971 by three coffee-loving entrepreneurs in Seattle’s Pike Place Market. The company has come a long way since then and now operates over 24,000 stores in more than 70 countries around the world. Starbucks is famous for its holiday drinks, which include the Peppermint Mocha, Eggnog Latte, and of course, the Pumpkin Spice Latte. If you’re looking for something a bit more unique, Starbucks also offers a range of holiday-themed food items, such as the Cranberry Bliss Bar and Gingerbread Loaf. So whether you’re in the mood for a festive drink or a tasty treat, Starbucks has you covered.

So what are the hours like during the holidays? Generally speaking, Starbucks stores are open on most major holidays, with the exception of Thanksgiving and Christmas Day. On days like Easter Sunday and Memorial Day, Starbucks typically opens a bit later than usual but still closes at its regular time. So if you’re looking to get your caffeine fix on a holiday, you should be able to find a nearby Starbucks that’s open for business.

Whether it’s Halloween, Christmas, Thanksgiving, or Black Friday, you’ve come to the proper place if you’re searching for Starbucks Holiday Hours.

Related : What are Walmart Pharmacy Hours?

What are Starbucks Holiday Hours?

Whether you’re going to your local Starbucks or ordering in, the table below will undoubtedly assist you.

With a strong vision statement that reads, “to inspire and nurture the human spirit – one person, one cup, and one neighborhood at a time,” Starbucks is prepared to serve you the top coffee.

The table below is relevant for almost all Starbucks in the United States:

DayHours
Monday5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Tuesday5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Wednesday5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Thursday5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Friday5:00 AM to 11:00 PM
Saturday5:00 AM to 11:00 PM
Sunday6:00 AM to 9:30 PM

As COVID19 symptoms fade, feel free to get in your car and visit Starbucks late on weekends, including Sundays, as the business stays open later.

Starbucks Breakfast Hours

This well-known dish is a favorite among many, featuring two eggs cooked in any style. For every single meal, there are plenty of choices to make! Locally renowned breakfasts include the Impossible breakfast sandwich, which comes with ham and cheese or bacon and egg. There are also such selections as pork belly hash, migas con huevos rancheros, and curried acorn squash soup with apple crisps The warm maple syrup will provide a sweet taste sensation throughout your mouth. Few people are aware that Starbucks serves some of the best breakfasts in the business. From sausage cheddar & egg sandwiches to spinach, feta & egg-white wrap, Breakfasts served at Starbucks are highly popular in the region.

Find the table below for Starbucks’ breakfast hours.

DayBreakfast hours
Monday5:00 AM to 9:00 PM
Tuesday5:00 AM to 9:00 PM
Wednesday5:00 AM to 9:00 PM
Thursday5:00 AM to 9:00 PM
Friday5:00 AM to 9:00 PM
Saturday6:00 AM to 9:00 PM
Sunday6:00 AM to 9:00 PM

Starbucks Holiday Hours of Operation

Is Starbucks open on Christmas, Christmas day, or during Easter hours? Let me tell you that the answer is a confident yes, but let us get into specifics. Although Starbucks’ new year hours may differ from other holidays, it’s nothing to be concerned about as I’ll explain in a minute.

Starbucks open is on which holidays

The coffee chain is closed on Thanksgiving and Christmas but is open on New Year’s Day. Starbucks is also open on Memorial Day, Labor Day, Independence Day, and Veterans Day.

What about other holidays? Starbucks is usually open on Martin Luther King Jr. Day, Presidents’ Day, Valentine’s Day, St. Patrick’s Day, and Easter Sunday. However, hours may vary by location so it’s always best to check with your local store before heading out.  On Mother’s Day and Father’s day, the coffee shops are also normally open for business.

Browse More On Relevant Stuff:   Vegan Options at Dippin' Donuts | 16+ Options (2023)

While most stores remain open during regular business hours on Christmas Eve and New Year’s Eve, some locations close earlier than usual. So, remember that the holidays below apply to all of Starbucks’ significant, tier one and two cities, although it may close sooner or remain open at different hours in smaller settlements. So call your nearest Starbucks or check if they’re open on their store locator to find out.

HolidayOpen or ClosedOperating hours
Black FridayOpen 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Cinco de MayoOpen 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Columbus DayOpen 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Cyber MondayOpen 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Easter MondayOpen 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Easter SundayOpen 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Father’s DayOpen 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Good FridayOpen 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
HalloweenOpen 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Independence Day (4th of July)Open 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Labor DayOpen 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Mardi Gras Fat TuesdayOpen 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Martin Luther King, Jr. DayOpen 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Memorial DayOpen 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
New Year’s DayOpen 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Presidents DayOpen 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
St. Patrick’s DayOpen 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Thanksgiving DayOpen 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Valentine’s DayOpen 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Veterans DayOpen 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM

 

Starbucks is closed on which holidays

Christmas day is the only day of the year Starbucks actually shuts its doors but you may rush to the nearest one after last-minute Christmas shopping on Christmas eve as it’s open even on the day before. Take a look at the Starbucks Christmas eve hours, and more, below.

HolidayOpen or Closed
Christmas EveClosed Early
Christmas DayClosed
New Year’s DayClosed Early

Starbucks Breakfast Holiday Hours

What you Need to Know If you’re a Starbucks fan, you know that the coffee chain is known for its holiday drinks. But did you know that they also offer special holiday hours for breakfast?

That’s right – on Christmas Eve, New Year’s Eve, and Valentine’s Day, Starbucks locations across the country will be open early so you can get your caffeine fix before the big day. And on Christmas Day, all locations will be closed so employees can spend time with their families.

So if you’re looking for a place to grab breakfast on one of these holidays, Starbucks is the place to go. Just be sure to check your local store’s hours before heading out!

On Thanksgiving Day and Easter Sunday, all Starbucks stores will be closed. So, mark your calendars and plan accordingly!

Find out when Starbucks is open and serving breakfasts in the holiday season below.

HolidayDateHoliday Breakfast Hours
Black FridayNov-265:00 AM to 9:00 PM
Christmas DayDec-255:00 AM 9:00 PM (Call beforehand)
Christmas EveDec-245:00 AM to 9:00 PM
Columbus DayOct-115:00 AM to 9:00 PM
EasterApr-045:00 AM to 9:00 PM
Good FridayApr-025:00 AM to 9:00 PM
Independence DayJul-045:00 AM to 9:00 PM
Labor DayMay-015:00 AM to 9:00 PM
Martin Luther King DayJan-185:00 AM to 9:00 PM
Memorial DayMay-315:00 AM to 9:00 PM
New Year’s DayJan-015:00 AM to 9:00 PM (Call beforehand)
New Year’s EveDec-315:00 AM to 9:00 PM
Presidents’ DayFeb-155:00 AM to 9:00 PM
ThanksgivingNov-255:00 AM to 9:00 PM
Veterans DayNov-115:00 AM to 9:00 PM

Starbucks Menu

If you are a coffee lover, Starbucks is the place to go. They have a variety of different coffees and espresso drinks that will tantalize your taste buds. If you are looking for something sweet, they also have a selection of pastries and desserts. And if you need a pick-me-up, they have an assortment of energy drinks as well. So whether you are in the mood for a hot cup of joe or a cold frappuccino, Starbucks has got you covered.

Starbucks mainly comprises of coffee and espresso drinks along with some bakery items. The holiday hours for Starbucks in 2023 have not been announced yet but we can expect the store to be open on Christmas Eve and closed on Christmas Day. On New Year’s Eve, Starbucks will likely close early at night and remain closed on New Year’s Day. So, if you’re planning on getting your caffeine fix during the holidays, be sure to check back closer to the date for updated Starbucks holiday hours

Browse More On Relevant Stuff:   Vegan Options at Zaxby's (2023) | 18+ Options

In addition to their wide variety of hot and cold beverages, they also offer a selection of food items like sandwiches, salads, pastries, Cranberry Bliss Bar, and more. And their holiday menu is no different! So, if you’re looking for something to eat in between gift shopping or Christmas caroling, be sure to stop by Starbucks and check out their holiday menu. Some

of our favorite items include the Eggnog Latte, Peppermint Mocha,  and Gingerbread Latte. And of course, you can’t go wrong with a classic Starbucks Christmas Blend coffee. So, whether you’re looking for a festive drink or a quick bite to eat, be sure to check out the Starbucks holiday menu.

So what are some of the most popular menu items at Starbucks? Here is a list of some customer favorites:

  • Coffee: There is nothing like starting your day with a freshly brewed cup of coffee from Starbucks. They have a variety of different roasts and flavors to choose from, so you can find the perfect one to suit your taste.
  • Espresso: If you are looking for a little caffeine boost, Starbucks has a variety of espresso drinks that will do the trick. From lattes to cappuccinos to mochas, they have something for everyone.
  • Tea: Starbucks is not just about coffee, they also have a great selection of teas. Whether you are in the mood for a hot cup of Earl Grey or a cold iced tea, they have got you covered.
  • Pastries and Desserts: If you need something sweet to go along with your coffee or tea, Starbucks has an assortment of pastries and desserts to choose from. From cookies and cakes to muffins and scones, they have something for everyone.
  • Eggnog Latte: A Holiday favorite! Our rich and creamy eggnog, freshly steamed and topped with espresso.
  • Pumpkin Spice Latte: The perfect Fall drink! Our signature espresso is blended with rich pumpkin spices, steamed milk, and topped with whipped cream.
  • Peppermint Mocha: A refreshing twist on our classic mocha! Our signature espresso is blended with chocolate chips, peppermint syrup, and steamed milk, then topped with whipped cream and dark chocolate curls.
  • Caramel Brulée Latte: Sweet caramel brulée sauce combined with our signature espresso and steamed milk, then topped with whipped cream and a crunchy caramel brulée topping.
  • Gingerbread Latte: A warm and cozy classic! Our signature espresso is blended with gingerbread spices, steamed milk, and topped with whipped cream and a sprinkle of cinnamon.

Starbucks Grocery Hours

Starbucks is well-known for its coffees, which are so popular that they overshadow the rest of the company’s products. Everything coffee-related is available at Starbucks Grocery shops, including pre-packaged coffee to prepare Starbucks-style coffee at home or drink mugs to use while drinking your favorite beverage.

If you’re like me, you love Starbucks. You probably go there every day for your coffee fix. But what about those times when you need a quick snack or want to grab a gift for someone? That’s where Starbucks Grocery comes in!

Starbucks Grocery is a great place to stock up on all your favorite Starbucks goodies. From coffee beans and mugs to snacks and gift cards, they have everything you need to get your caffeine fix!

The best part about Starbucks Grocery is that it’s open 24 hours a day, so you can always get your hands on whatever you need! Whether you’re looking for a late-night snack or just want to grab a few things for the office, Starbucks Grocery is the place to go.

So next time you’re in need of a quick caffeine fix or want to grab a few things for the office, be sure to check out Starbucks Grocery! You won’t be disappointed!

Next time you find yourself at the grocery store late at night or needing a snack for work, remember that Starbucks Grocery is open 24 hours! They have everything from coffee beans and mugs to gift cards- perfect for any occasion. And because it’s always open, you can get your hands on whatever you need whenever you need it! So save yourself a trip and swing by Starbucks Grocery next time you’re in a pinch. Your taste buds (and wallet) will thank you!

The hours for the same are as follows:

DayOpening & Closing Hours
Monday6:00 AM to 8:00 PM
Tuesday6:00 AM to 8:00 PM
Wednesday6:00 AM to 8:00 PM
Thursday6:00 AM to 8:00 PM
Friday6:00 AM to 8:00 PM
Saturday7:00 AM to 8:00 PM
Sunday8:00 AM to 8:00 PM

About Starbucks

Starbucks Corporation is an American coffee company and coffeehouse chain. Starbucks was founded in Seattle, Washington in 1971. As of early 2019, the company operates over 30,000 locations worldwide.

Browse More On Relevant Stuff:   Vegan Options At Pappadeaux | 16+ Options (2023)

In the United States, Starbucks locations sell more than just coffee and tea – they also offer a variety of pastries and sandwiches. However, many of their international locations only offer coffee and tea.

Starbucks is known for their holiday-themed drinks and cups, which are available during the Christmas and winter seasons. They also offer special holiday cup designs for other holidays like Valentine’s Day and Halloween.

During the holiday season, Starbucks stores typically have extended hours to accommodate customers who are looking for a festive drink or treat. In 2023, Starbucks holiday hours will be as follows:

Starbucks is also known for their customer service. They train their employees, called “partners”, to provide excellent customer service. This includes smiling at customers, making eye contact, and being polite. If you have a good experience with a partner, be sure to let management know so they can continue to provide great customer service.

Starbucks, which is based in Seattle, Washington and has over 33,000 coffee outlets throughout the world and is run by Starbucks Coffee Company on Nasdaq (STWD), is positioned at 125th place on Fortune 500’s list. It employs about 350,000 people across the world and operates in nearly every country.

Starbucks has successfully managed to operate in 76 countries, including countries like India, Taiwan, Japan, China, Turkey, Canada, the United Kingdom, and others.

Starbucks is not a fan of the franchise model of business and has partnered with the Tata group to break into India’s competitive market. Starbucks (India) is a 50-50 joint venture with the Tata Group, in which they are breaking through the hard market.

Starbucks Contact Details

The personnel can be reached via the contact information below for any reason.

  • Customer Care Number: (206) 318-7100
  • Email Address: [email protected][email protected]
  • Official Website: starbucks.com
  • Corporate Address: 2401 Utah Avenue, South Suite 800, Seattle, WA 98134 USA
  • Corporate Address Phone: (206) 447-1575
  • Starbucks Locator: https://www.starbucks.com/store-locator/

FAQs

What are Starbucks’ holiday hours?

Many Starbucks locations remain open during the holidays, but the exact schedule varies by location. More stores close earlier on Christmas Eve and New Year’s Eve than on other days of the year, so it’s always best to check with your local Starbucks before heading out.

What if I need to return something to Starbucks?

If you need to return an item purchased from Starbucks, you can do so at any location during normal business hours. Please note that all returns must be made within 60 days of purchase and you will need to present a valid receipt or order confirmation email. For more information on returns, please visit our Help Center.

I’m a Starbucks Rewards member. How do I redeem my rewards during the holidays?

You can redeem your Starbucks Rewards at any time, including during the holidays! To redeem your rewards, simply sign in to your account and choose the reward you’d like to redeem. When you’re ready to pay, just let your barista know that you’d like to use a reward, and they will help you complete the transaction.

Are Starbucks gift cards available during the holidays?

Yes! You can purchase Starbucks gift cards in-store and online at any time throughout the year. To learn more about how to buy a Starbucks gift card or send one as a gift, please visit our Help Center.

What are my shipping options for holiday purchases from StarbucksStore.com?

We offer several different shipping options on orders from the US Starbucks Store – just choose the option that works best for you when checking out! For more information on shipping options and rates, please visit our Help Center.

When will my holiday order from StarbucksStore.com arrive?

For orders placed within the contiguous US, we offer several shipping options with different delivery timelines. For more information on estimated delivery times, please visit our Help Center.

Do you have any tips for making my holiday season run smoothly?

We recommend planning ahead and ordering your coffee and gifts early to avoid the holiday rush. And don’t forget to sign up for Starbucks Rewards – it’s the best way to earn free coffee and other great rewards all year long! To learn more about how to join Starbucks Rewards, visit our Help Center.

Are there any other resources I can use if I have a question or need assistance with my order?

Yes! You can contact us at 1-877-421-9062 for help with your Starbucks Store order. Our customer service team is available 24/7 and ready to assist you with all of your questions and needs. Thanks for choosing Starbucks this holiday season!

What are some of your favorite holiday traditions?

We love hearing about all of the different ways our customers celebrate the holidays! Whether you enjoy spending time with family, exchanging gifts, or simply indulging in your favorite festive foods and drinks, we hope you have a happy and memorable holiday season. Thanks for being part of the Starbucks family

Must Read: What is Panera Breakfast hours?

Before we wrap up…

Other than the holidays observed in this post, the holiday hours practiced across the states are quite similar. Other than the days and hours mentioned above, your closest store may open or close earlier or later, so always verify it online before visiting. To locate and confirm with Starbucks staff about the hours, simply use their store locator.

It’s important to note that Starbucks holiday hours can vary by location. So, if you’re planning on visiting a Starbucks during the holidays, it’s always best to call ahead or check the store’s website to confirm their hours.

With that said, we hope this article helped give you a better understanding of when Starbucks will be open and closed during the holidays in 2023. From all of us here at The Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf, have a safe and happy holiday season!

The coffee chain will be open on Thanksgiving but closed on Christmas Day. On New Year’s Eve, stores will close at either their regular time or at midnight depending on location. Starbucks locations nationwide will have special hours on New Year’s Day, opening later than usual and closing earlier than usual. Most locations will be open from noon until close on Jan.

While we don’t have an exact list of all the store hours yet, we do know that Starbucks will be closed on Thanksgiving and Christmas Day. So if you’re looking for your holiday coffee fix, you’ll need to visit another coffee shop or get your caffeine fix from home.

What are your thoughts on Starbucks’ holiday hours? Let us know in the comments below! And be sure to check out our other blog articles for more coffee tips, tricks, and information.

Do you have any questions about Starbucks holiday hours in 2023? Let us know in the comments below!



Pizza Stone Dough Roller Slicer Sauce

We exclusively bring you lists of some gadgets related to food, drinks, beverages for your home, kitchen, picnic, parties and more. Below are highly reviewed Pizza Stone Dough Roller Slicer Sauce on sale from Amazon store. ENJOY 🙂
Sale
Kitchy Pizza Cutter Wheel with Protective Blade Cover, Ergonomic Pizza Slicer (Green)
  • NO EFFORT PIZZA CUTTER – Stable vertical pressure and large cutting wheel for easy and perfectly controlled cutting process.
  • GET THE PERFECT SLICE IN ONE CUT – This pizza cutter will leave you shocked with how easy it is to get a nice, clean cut through your pizza.
  • COMFORTABLY FITS IN THE PALM OF YOUR HAND - This pizza slicer's unique design easily fits in your hand and also in your cutlery drawer.
  • PROTECTIVE BLADE GUARD FOR EASY STORAGE – This pizza cutter wheel comes with a blade guard to keep your cutter securely stored away when you’re not using it.
  • DISASSEMBLES FOR THOROUGH CLEANING AND DISHWASHER SAFE – Take it apart in 3 simple steps and put it in the dishwasher for thorough cleaning.
Weisenberger Pizza Crust Mix - Pizza Dough Mix for Homemade Pizza - Pizza Flour Mix for Pizza Crust Dough In Minutes - Premade Pizza Dough Fresh Ingredients, No Preservatives - 6.5 oz, 12 Pack
  • EXCELLENT TEXTURE AND FLAVOR: Perfect for New York Style pizza or rolled thin and crispy, Weisenberger’s creates a deliciously chewy dough with enough strength to hold your favorite toppings.
  • HIGH QUALITY INGREDIENTS: Weisenberger mills the flour used to make the pizza crust mix on site, as it has since 1865, to create a high quality and delicious pizza flour.
  • SIMPLE TO MAKE: With two types of flour, salt, and yeast combined in perfect proportions, Weisenberger Pizza Mix is easy to use: just add ½ cup hot water, let rise, and bake.
  • CONVENIENT SIZE: One 6.5 oz package makes a mouth-watering 12 inch pizza, or a 14 inch thin crust perfect for homemade pizza night! This listing is for a 12 pack.
  • MAKE MORE THAN PIZZA: Weisenberger Pizza Crust mix is versatile enough for more than pizza. Create delicious breadsticks, calzones, cinnamon rolls, flatbread, and more!
Sale
Norpro Wood Pastry/Pizza Roller 4in/10cm
  • Measures: 7.25" x 4.5" x 1.25" / 18.5cm x 11.5cm x 3cm. Large roller: 4.125" / 10.5cm. Small roller: 2.5" / 6cm
  • To help achieve a perfectly cooked crust, it needs to be of a uniform thickness. The Norpro Pastry/Pizza Roller is the perfect 2-in-1 tool for pies, cookies and pizza dough!
  • The large roller smoothly rolls out dough, creating a uniform crust. Easy to use on your pastry mat/cutting board or directly in the pan!
  • The small roller makes it easy to fill in dough to the edges, smooths edges and sides, and ensures uniform depth around the inner rim of the pan.
  • Also ideal to crush nuts, crackers, cookies and bread crumbs!
Meta-U Time-Saver Pizza Dough Roller Docker - Dough Blistering Killer - Buy One Get Three (Pizza Cutter and Pastry Scraper) - Gift Package
  • BEAT THE HELL OUT OF FORK – So much easier, faster and more fun than using a fork. Also not deep like a fork. Docking is the process of creating small vents in dough to prevent it from blistering and rising in large, uneven pockets during baking. The docker does take the guess work out of docking, however, since you don’t need to wonder whether you’ve added enough holes to your dough or whether it is evenly marked.
  • TIME-SAVER AND LAST FOR YEARS – A dough docker is one of the stranger looking tools that you might find in your kitchen. Dough dockers are used to knock air out of your dough once it has been rolled. The dough docker will create numerous puncture holes in the dough to ensure there are no air gaps in your pizza base once it is cooked. Taking the 10 seconds to dock your dough prior to baking could save you several minutes later when it comes to popping bubbles throughout the baking process.
  • NOT ONLY FOR RESTAURANT BUT ALSO FOR HOMEMADE – Generally this commercial pizza dough roller is used in the commercial pizzeria restaurant because of its speed of use. This could also be used for the homemade pizza gourment. This docker is used to easily and quickly allow bakers to dock dough just by rolling over the spiked portion back and forth with firm pressure over dough.
  • PIZZA, PASTRY, TART, NAAN, PIE, FLATBREAD BUT NOT COOKIES – Pizza dough, Pastry dough, tart dough, naan bread, flat bread and pie crusts are some of the most commonly docked dough because bakers typically want them to bake as evenly as possible (particularly if there are toppings or fillings involved) in the oven. But for cookies it is a little big.
  • BUY ONE GET THREE – Buy it right now, you will not only receive a dough docker, but also a pizza cutter and a pastry scraper within a beautiful gift package. You can use them all in the whole process of making pizza. Firstly, cut the dough with pastry scraper, and then roll dough docker on the dough. Lastly, cut the pizza with pizza cutter. They are also thoughtful gifts for lovers of baking.
Augosta Pizza Stone for Oven and Grill, Free Wooden Pizza Peel paddle, Durable and Safe Baking Stone for grill, Thermal Shock Resistant cooking stone, 15 x 12 Inch
  • Size: The pizza stone measures 15" X 12" X 0.6", Golden thickness(15mm), weighs up to 6.7Lbs. Come with a free pizza peel board(11" X 15.6" x 0.35")
  • Material: Made of 100% all-natural FDA-safe Cordierite stone, it is no smell and excellent thermal shock resistance. Heat-safe up to 1112°F(600℃). It could distributes heat evenly for optimal cooking, much more efficient than metal
  • Multipurpose: Besides baking the fresh or frozen pizzas, this pizza stone set can be used for many other culinary explorations. Perfect for bread, cookies, stuffed calzone at home
  • Clean: Scrape off any excess food with a spatula before clean. When the stone has cooled, run it under warm water while scrubbing with a brush. Never use soap or detergent on a stone, which will leave a soapy aftertaste
  • After-sales Service: If you receive damaged stone or have any questions about quality and instructions during use, please feel free to contact us

One Comment

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *